Reside Updates: U.S. and Britain Plan to Announce Renewed Atlantic Constitution | Latest News Table

Reside Updates: U.S. and Britain Plan to Announce Renewed Atlantic Constitution

President Biden and Dr. Jill Biden arriving at Cornwall Airport Newquay on Wednesday.
Credit score…Doug Mills/The New York Instances

It was solely two years in the past, within the warmth of the US presidential election marketing campaign, that President Biden referred to as Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain a “bodily and emotional clone” of President Donald J. Trump.

He didn’t imply it as a praise.

However now, as the 2 stewards of the “particular relationship” between Britain and the US put together to fulfill nose to nose for the primary time since Mr. Biden took workplace, they’ll stress the enduring power of the alliance.

Mr. Biden and Mr. Johnson will meet on Thursday afternoon at Carbis Bay in Cornwall, earlier than Friday’s assembly of the Group of seven main industrial nations. They’re anticipated to emphasise a joint imaginative and prescient for a sustained world restoration from the pandemic and can evoke the 2 nations’ highly effective shared historical past to drive residence the purpose.

The spotlight of that message might be what the White Home and the British authorities are billing as a renewal of the Atlantic Constitution — the declaration of postwar cooperation that Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt specified by 1941 throughout World Battle II.

A senior American official referred to as the brand new doc to be signed by Mr. Biden and Mr. Johnson a “profound assertion of goal” that echoes the 80-year-old constitution by underscoring the unique declaration: that “the democratic mannequin is the proper and the simply and the most effective” one for confronting the world’s challenges.

The official, who spoke to reporters on the situation of anonymity earlier than the assembly between the 2 leaders, mentioned the constitution wouldn’t envision a brand new Chilly Battle between nice powers, however relatively a world whose issues — together with local weather change, pandemics, technological warfare and financial competitors — are complicated and infrequently nuanced.

Nonetheless, on the core of the president’s message through the journey is a central animating theme: The USA and its allies are engaged in an existential wrestle between democracy and autocracy.

“I imagine we’re in an inflection level in world historical past,” Mr. Biden mentioned on Wednesday night in a speech to troops stationed at R.A.F. Mildenhall at the beginning of his European go to — “a second the place it falls to us to show that democracies not simply endure, however they’ll excel as we rise to grab huge alternatives within the new age.”

In what he hopes might be a robust demonstration that democracies — and never China or Russia — are able to responding to the world’s crises, Mr. Biden will formally announce that the US will donate 500 million doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid vaccine to 100 poorer nations, a program that officers mentioned would price $1.5 billion.

By taking part in a number one position in effort to vaccinate the world and offering sources to confront the gravest public well being challenges, officers mentioned the US was reclaiming a job it has sought to play because the finish of the World Battle II.

Mr. Johnson, who is raring to make use of the summit as a showcase for a post-Brexit id branded “World Britain,” has additionally outlined formidable plans to assist finish the pandemic. Within the run as much as the summit, Mr. Johnson referred to as on leaders to decide to vaccinating each individual on the planet in opposition to the coronavirus by the top of 2022.

But whereas Mr. Johnson and Mr. Biden could discover frequent floor on key points together with the pandemic, elementary divisions stay.

Mr. Biden opposed Britain’s drive to go away the European Union, a push that Mr. Johnson helped lead. The American president can be involved about Northern Eire, because the Brexit deal has infected tensions and threatened to reignite sectarian tensions.

However officers mentioned the leaders’ dialog about Northern Eire wouldn’t be “confrontational or adversarial” and insisted — regardless of experiences within the British press — that Mr. Biden didn’t intend to ship a lecture to Mr. Johnson on the topic.

A clash between nationalists and the police in Belfast, Northern Ireland, in April.
Credit score…Charles Mcquillan/Getty Photographs

One of many hardest points President Biden is anticipated to take up this week with Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain is the standing of Northern Eire, the place Brexit-fueled tensions threaten the return of deadly sectarian violence.

The 1998 Good Friday Settlement ended the Troubles, the 30-year guerrilla battle between Catholic nationalists searching for unification with the Republic of Eire and predominantly Protestant unionists, who need to keep in the UK. The border between Eire and Northern Eire nearly disappeared, permitting unfettered motion of individuals and commerce.

However now, part of London’s Brexit take care of Brussels is inflaming resentment amongst unionists. To keep away from resurrecting a tough border with Eire — an unpopular concept on each side of the boundary — the Northern Eire Protocol requires checks on items flowing between the North and the remainder of the UK.

Making a business border between Northern Eire and the remainder of the nation violates guarantees made by the British authorities and imposes an financial and psychological price. Northern Irish individuals who need to stay in Britain really feel betrayed, and there have been violent protests in opposition to the protocol.

“It has hit the group right here like a ton of bricks that this can be a separation of Northern Eire from the remainder of the UK,” mentioned David Campbell, chairman of the Loyalist Communities Council, which represents paramilitary teams that some say are stirring up unrest.

Mr. Biden has warned Mr. Johnson, who campaigned for Brexit and negotiated the take care of Brussels, to not do something to undermine the Good Friday Settlement. He’s additionally mulling the appointment of a presidential envoy for Northern Eire.

“That settlement should be protected, and any steps that imperil or undermine it is not going to be welcomed by the US,” Jake Sullivan, the president’s nationwide safety adviser, instructed reporters on Air Pressure One on Wednesday.

Requested whether or not Mr. Johnson had taken steps to imperil the settlement, Mr. Sullivan mentioned: “President Biden goes to make statements in precept on this entrance. He’s not issuing threats or ultimatums.”

President Donald J. Trump embraced Mr. Johnson and Brexit, however Mr. Biden has been cooler to each. The brand new president can be a Roman Catholic and devoted Irish-American, fueling hypothesis that he might be extra favorable to the Irish nationalist trigger.

A covid-19 vaccination center in Sultanpur village in Utter Pradesh, India, last week.
Credit score…Atul Loke for The New York Instances

Because it has with almost each different main occasion of the previous 12 months, the pandemic looms massive over this week’s Group of seven summit, with world leaders already making commitments to do extra to cease the coronavirus as they put together for the three-day gathering that begins on Friday.

In latest months, rich nations with strong vaccination campaigns have rapidly moved towards inoculating massive swaths of their inhabitants. Now, they’re pledging to assist the remainder of the world meet that objective, too.

In an announcement launched on Thursday, Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who’s taking part in host to the summit as Britain takes up the G7 presidency this 12 months, mentioned it was essential to make use of the second to behave.

“The world wants this assembly,” he mentioned. “We should be sincere: Worldwide order and solidarity had been badly shaken by Covid. Nations had been diminished to beggar-my-neighbor ways within the determined seek for P.P.E., for medication — and, lastly, for vaccines,” he added, referring to private protecting gear.

He mentioned now was the time to “put these days behind us.”

“That is the second for the world’s best and most technologically superior democracies to shoulder their duties and to vaccinate the world, as a result of nobody could be correctly protected till everybody has been protected,” he added.”

President Biden, underneath strain to handle the worldwide coronavirus vaccine scarcity, will announce on Thursday that his administration will purchase 500 million doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine and donate them amongst about 100 international locations over the subsequent 12 months, the White Home mentioned.

“We’ve got to finish Covid-19, not simply at residence, which we’re doing, however all over the place,” Mr. Biden instructed United States troops at R.A.F. Mildenhall in Suffolk, England, on Wednesday night. “There’s no wall excessive sufficient to maintain us secure from this pandemic or the subsequent organic risk we face, and there might be others. It requires coordinated multilateral motion.”

Pfizer mentioned in an announcement asserting the deal on Thursday that the US would pay for the doses at a “not for revenue” value. The primary 200 million doses might be distributed by the top of this 12 months, adopted by 300 million by subsequent June, the corporate mentioned. The doses might be distributed by Covax, the worldwide vaccine-sharing initiative.

“Truthful and equitable distribution has been our North Star since Day One, and we’re proud to do our half to assist vaccinate the world, an enormous however an achievable endeavor,” Albert Bourla, Pfizer’s chief govt, mentioned in an announcement.

President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia “doesn’t necessarily want a more stable or predictable relationship” with the United States, one expert said.
Credit score…Sergey Ponomarev for The New York Instances

Essentially the most urgent, vexing merchandise on President Biden’s agenda whereas in Europe could also be managing the US’ relationship with a disruptive Russia. He’ll search help from allies to that finish, however no a part of the journey guarantees to be extra fraught than the daylong assembly with President Vladimir V. Putin on June 16.

On the eve of assembly with European leaders rattled by Russia’s aggressive motion of troops alongside Ukraine’s borders, Mr. Biden mentioned the world was at “an inflection level,” with democratic nations needing to face collectively to fight a rising tide of autocracies.

“We’ve got to discredit those that imagine that the age of democracy is over, as a few of our fellow nations imagine,” he mentioned.

Turning to Russia particularly, he pledged to “reply in a sturdy and significant manner” to what he referred to as “dangerous actions” carried out by Mr. Putin.

Russian intelligence businesses have interfered in Western elections and are broadly believed to have used chemical weapons in opposition to perceived enemies on Western soil and in Russia. Russian hackers have been blamed for cyberattacks which have broken Western economies and authorities businesses. Russian forces are supporting worldwide pariahs in bloody conflicts — separatists in Ukraine and Bashar al-Assad’s authorities in Syria.

Mr. Biden referred to as for the assembly with Mr. Putin regardless of warnings from rights activists that doing so would strengthen and embolden the Russian chief, who not too long ago mentioned {that a} “new Chilly Battle” was underway.

Mr. Putin has a robust army and boasts of unique new weapons methods, however consultants on the dynamics between Washington and Moscow say that disruption is his true energy.

“Putin doesn’t essentially desire a extra secure or predictable relationship,” mentioned Alexander Vershbow, who was United States ambassador to Russia underneath President George W. Bush. “The most effective case one can hope for is that the 2 leaders will argue about lots of issues however proceed the dialogue.”

White Home officers say that Mr. Biden has no intention of making an attempt to reset the connection with Russia. Having concurred with the outline of Mr. Putin as a “killer” in March, Mr. Biden is cleareyed, they are saying, about his adversary: He regards him extra as a hardened mafia boss than a nationwide chief.

At almost the identical time Mr. Biden was delivering his remarks on Wednesday, a Russian court docket outlawed the group of the jailed opposition chief Alexei A. Navalny, probably exposing him and his supporters to legal prices.

However Mr. Biden is extra centered on Russian actions overseas than its home repression. He’s decided to place what his nationwide safety adviser, Jake Sullivan, calls “guardrails” on the connection. That features searching for out some measure of cooperation, beginning with the way forward for the international locations’ nuclear arsenals.

Mr. Biden’s associates say he will even convey that he has seen Mr. Putin’s bravado earlier than and that it doesn’t faze him.

“Joe Biden will not be Donald Trump,” mentioned Thomas E. Donilon, who served as nationwide safety adviser to President Barack Obama and whose spouse and brother are key aides to Mr. Biden. “You’re not going to have this inexplicable reluctance of a U.S. president to criticize a Russian president who’s main a rustic that’s actively hostile to the US in so many areas. You gained’t have that.”

A worker cleaning partitions at the Group of 7 media center in Falmouth, Cornwall, on Thursday.
Credit score…Adrian Dennis/Agence France-Presse — Getty Photographs

PLYMOUTH — Touring abroad with a president is at all times a novel expertise (together with, on Wednesday, when a airplane stuffed with reporters was grounded by cicadas). However this 12 months Covid has added new logistical wrinkles.

It was at all times clear that White Home correspondents like me must be totally vaccinated earlier than becoming a member of President Biden’s journey to Britain, Belgium and Switzerland. Who would need to crowd into packed press buses with out that safety?

However the Covid guidelines in Britain — which is wrestling with whether or not to completely reopen its financial system because it offers with a surge of infections pushed by the Delta variant — meant that it wasn’t easy. Guests from the US to Britain, no matter their vaccination standing, are required to quarantine for as much as 10 days upon arrival, with a possibility to “check out” after 5 days with proof of a adverse end result.

That clearly wouldn’t work for protecting the three-day Group of seven assembly of world leaders in a coastal English enclave. So after a sequence of negotiations between the British authorities and the White Home, a compromise was reached: We might get a waiver to enter the nation, however with a strict testing routine.

I took a P.C.R. check (a way that appears for bits of the coronavirus’s genetic materials and is taken into account extra correct than fast antigen checks) two days earlier than boarding the flight.

After touchdown on the Cornwall airport, we had been examined once more, this time with a equipment that requires a gag-inducing swab within the throat that then will get used to swab the nostril as properly. I examined adverse on each.

Throughout our keep at a lodge in Plymouth, reporters are required to check once more every day, by 7 a.m., utilizing a take-home equipment supplied by the British well being service. That includes a fast swab down the throat (extra gagging), adopted by one in each side of the nostril after which just a few drops on what appears just like a house being pregnant check: One line for adverse, two for constructive.

On Thursday morning, I took an image of the end result (adverse) and despatched it off. Reporters will repeat that every day so long as we’re in Britain.

Our waiver doesn’t permit us to wander round Plymouth, eat in eating places or drink in bars. That has restricted the gathering of White Home reporters to the lodge’s catering and supply from meals supply companies like Uber Eats. We put on masks indoors. It feels very similar to being in the US earlier than restrictions began lifting just a few weeks again.

For me, the restrictions are welcomed. My bout with Covid final October developed after I traveled on Air Pressure One with President Donald J. Trump as he headed to a marketing campaign rally in Pennsylvania. I developed signs on the identical day that Mr. Trump did, and spent the subsequent two weeks with a excessive fever and different typical signs. (My sense of odor is simply returning now).

Having been contaminated final fall, and with the double-dose of the Pfizer vaccine, I really feel very secure. However to be sincere, the very last thing I would like is to return residence on Air Pressure One subsequent week with a brand new variant of Covid courtesy of my job. If that safety means taking a day by day check and ordering what the British name “takeaway” meals each day, I’m OK with that.

St. Ives and other towns in Cornwall will host Group of 7 events.
Credit score…Tom Nicholson/Reuters

Cornwall, a county that stretches out over England’s far southwestern nook, is best identified for internet hosting British vacationers on its lovely seashores and windswept craggy shoreline than for being on the middle of main world decision-making. However this week it’s taking part in host to a few of the world’s strongest leaders as the location of the Group of seven summit.

Dwelling to about 3,000 folks, the village of Carbis Bay is on the middle of the motion because the leaders of a few of the world’s richest democracies, together with the world’s information media, descend on the usually placid seaside space.

So why was the placement chosen?

Cornwall was put ahead as a web site for the summit to showcase initiatives that the federal government hopes will bolster Britain’s picture as a number one nation in efforts to handle local weather change.

The county has set a extra formidable timeline than the remainder of Britain for slashing carbon dioxide emissions to web zero — a important focus of latest worldwide initiatives. It has pledged to fulfill the objective by 2030, 20 years forward of the nationwide objective.

There are additionally a lot of industries throughout the area that cater to the renewable vitality sector.

Cornwall was as soon as a worldwide middle of tin and copper mining, however the final Cornish tin mine closed in 1998. Now, that mining heritage is being turned towards tech metallic mining, with firms working to extract lithium for potential use in electrical vehicles and batteries.

“Because the eyes of the world look to Cornwall this week, not solely will they see an space of excellent magnificence, they’ll witness a area that’s modern, thrilling and searching firmly towards a vivid future,” Prime Minister Boris Johnson mentioned in an announcement asserting new funding within the area.

Whereas Carbis Bay would be the central location for the conferences, neighboring St. Ives — a vacationer city identified for its artwork scene — and different cities within the space will even play host to some occasions.

“There’s a nice alternative for Cornwall and the U.Okay. to capitalize and drive funding in these industries,” Glenn Caplin-Gray, the chief govt of Cornwall and Isles of Scilly Native Financial Partnership, mentioned in an announcement.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt, center left, and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Britain, center right, at the Atlantic conference in August 1941.
Credit score…Hulton Archive, through Getty Photographs

In the summertime of 1941, earlier than the US joined the battle in opposition to Nazi Germany, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed to Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Britain that their two nations concern a declaration of shared ideas. They met at sea, with Mr. Churchill’s ship pressured to vary course en path to dodge U-boats. Over the course of a number of days, they drafted a doc that was issued on Aug. 14, 1941. Lower than 400 phrases lengthy, the declaration helped information the course of World Battle II, the next peace and the connection between the allies for many years to come back. Under is the total textual content.

The President of the US of America and the Prime Minister, Mr. Churchill, representing His Majesty’s Authorities in the UK, being met collectively, deem it proper to make identified sure frequent ideas within the nationwide insurance policies of their respective international locations on which they base their hopes for a greater way forward for the world.

First, their international locations search no aggrandizement, territorial or different;

Second, they want to see no territorial adjustments that don’t accord with the freely expressed needs of the peoples involved;

Third, they respect the proper of all peoples to decide on the type of authorities underneath which they’ll dwell; and so they want to see sovereign rights and self-government restored to those that have been forcibly disadvantaged of them;

Fourth, they’ll endeavor, with due respect for his or her present obligations, to additional the enjoyment by all states, nice or small, victor or vanquished, of entry, on equal phrases, to the commerce and to the uncooked supplies of the world that are wanted for his or her financial prosperity;

Fifth, they want to convey concerning the fullest collaboration between all nations within the financial discipline with the thing of securing, for all, improved labor requirements, financial development, and social safety;

Sixth, after the ultimate destruction of the Nazi tyranny, they hope to see established a peace which is able to afford to all nations the technique of dwelling in security inside their very own boundaries, and which is able to afford assurance that every one the lads in all of the lands could dwell out their lives in freedom from worry and need;

Seventh, such a peace ought to allow all males to traverse the excessive seas and oceans with out hindrance;

Eighth, they imagine that all the nations of the world, for sensible in addition to religious causes, should come to the abandonment of using drive. Since no future peace could be maintained if land, sea or air armaments proceed to be employed by nations which threaten, or could threaten, aggression exterior of their frontiers, they imagine, pending the institution of a wider and everlasting system of basic safety, that the disarmament of such nations is important. They are going to likewise support and encourage all different practicable measures which is able to lighten for peace-loving peoples the crushing burden of armaments.

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT

WINSTON S. CHURCHILL

Britain’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson plans to cut Britain’s spending on foreign aid by a third, or more than $4 billion a year.
Credit score…Jessica Taylor/UK Parliament, through Agence France-Presse — Getty Photographs

As Prime Minister Boris Johnson prepares to welcome the Group of seven leaders to Britain, he has set headline-grabbing objectives for the summit, together with worldwide plans to deal with the pandemic and local weather change, whereas making an attempt to vogue a post-Brexit id for his nation as “World Britain.”

However he has additionally determined to chop Britain’s spending on international support by a 3rd, or greater than $4 billion a 12 months, setting off a political battle in London and accusations of hypocrisy. Critics say the finances cuts make hole his speak of vaccinating each individual on the planet in opposition to the coronavirus by the top of 2022 and of an enormous initiative to cut back carbon emissions in growing international locations, modeled on the post-World Battle II Marshall Plan led by the US.

The federal government first introduced final fall that it could lower international help to 0.5 % of Britain’s financial output, from the legally mandated stage of 0.7 %, due to its emergency spending to cushion the blow from the pandemic.

The cuts are eviscerating support to teams just like the United Nations Inhabitants Fund, which says its flagship program on household planning for girls and women will lose 85 % of its funding, or $253 million, from Britain this 12 months. This system’s govt director, Natalia Kanem, described the cuts as “devastating.”

Critics hope President Biden will press Mr. Johnson to revive Britain’s support spending, even when the US document on support is itself blended.

Activists of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons and other peace initiatives staged a protest in Berlin in January.
Credit score…Tobias Schwarz/Agence France-Presse — Getty Photographs

As President Biden and his NATO counterparts give attention to nuclear-armed Russia at their summit assembly on Monday, they might additionally face a special type of problem: rising help, or a minimum of openness, inside their very own constituencies for the worldwide treaty that bans nuclear weapons.

The Worldwide Marketing campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, the Geneva-based group that was awarded the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize for its work to attain the treaty, mentioned in a report launched on Thursday that it had seen elevated backing for the accord amongst voters and lawmakers in NATO’s 30 international locations, as mirrored in public opinion polls, parliamentary resolutions, political celebration declarations and statements from previous leaders.

The treaty, negotiated on the United Nations in 2017, took impact early this 12 months, three months after the fiftieth ratification. It has the drive of worldwide regulation despite the fact that the treaty will not be binding for international locations that decline to affix.

The accord outlaws the use, testing, growth, manufacturing, possession and switch of nuclear weapons and stationing them in a special nation. It additionally outlines procedures for destroying stockpiles and imposing its provisions.

The negotiations had been boycotted by the US and the world’s eight different nuclear-armed states — Britain, China, France, India, Israel, North Korea, Pakistan and Russia — which have all mentioned they won’t be part of the treaty, describing it as misguided and naïve. And no NATO member has joined the treaty.

Nonetheless, an American-led effort begun underneath the Trump administration to dissuade different international locations from becoming a member of has not reversed the treaty’s elevated acceptance.

“The rising tide of political help for the brand new U.N. treaty in lots of NATO states, and the mounting public strain for motion, means that it’s only a matter of time earlier than a number of of those states take steps towards becoming a member of,” mentioned Tim Wright, the treaty coordinator of the Worldwide Marketing campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons who was an creator of the report.

Timed just a few days earlier than the NATO assembly in Brussels, the report enumerated what it described as essential alerts of help or sympathy for the treaty amongst members prior to now few years.

In Belgium, the federal government fashioned a committee to discover how the treaty may “give new impetus” to disarmament. In France, a parliamentary committee requested the federal government to “mitigate its criticism” of the treaty. In Italy, Parliament requested the federal government “to discover the chance” of signing the treaty. And in Spain, the federal government made a political pledge to signal the treaty in some unspecified time in the future.

Nicola Sturgeon, the chief of Scotland, the place some British nuclear weapons are saved, mentioned in January that if Scotland declared independence, her authorities “could be a eager signatory, and I hope the day we are able to do that isn’t far-off.”

There may be nothing to forestall a NATO nation from signing the treaty. However the bloc’s solidarity in opposing the accord seems to have weakened, emboldening disarmament advocates.

Promoters of the treaty have repeatedly mentioned they don’t count on to see nuclear-armed international locations be part of anytime quickly. Somewhat, they’ve mentioned the treaty’s elevated acceptance by different international locations will create a shaming impact, just like how treaties that banned chemical weapons, land mines and cluster munitions have drastically lower their use and stigmatized violators.

Charles Michel, president of the European Council, in Brussels on Thursday. “The world has the right to know exactly what happened,” he said.
Credit score…Pool photograph by Francisco Seco

Leaders of the European Union on Thursday joined the requires a full investigation into the origins of Covid-19, with the European Council president declaring “help for all of the efforts with a purpose to get transparency and to know the reality.”

“The world has the proper to know precisely what occurred so as to have the ability to study the teachings,” added the president, Charles Michel, who heads the European Council, the physique that represents the bloc’s nationwide leaders. He made the feedback throughout a information convention previous the Group of seven summit, which begins on Friday and might be attended by President Biden.

The World Well being Group carried out an inquiry this 12 months into the origins of the virus, which first appeared within the Chinese language metropolis of Wuhan in late 2019. The research concluded that “introduction by a laboratory incident was thought-about to be a particularly unlikely pathway” however was broadly seen as incomplete due to China’s restricted cooperation. Governments, well being consultants and scientists have referred to as for a extra full examination of the origins of the virus, which has killed greater than 3.7 million folks worldwide.

Late final month, Mr. Biden ordered American intelligence businesses to analyze the origins of the virus, a sign that his administration was taking severely the chance that the lethal virus had by accident leaked from a lab, along with the prevailing concept that it was transmitted by an animal to people exterior a lab.

Ursula von der Leyen, the president of the European Fee, the European Union’s govt arm, highlighted on Thursday that “investigators want full entry to the knowledge and to the websites” to “develop the proper instruments to make it possible for this may by no means occur once more.”

Within the draft conclusions of subsequent week’s summit between the European Union and the US, leaders will name for “progress on a clear, evidence-based and expert-led W.H.O.-convened Part 2 research on the origins of Covid-19, that’s free from interference.”

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