Carl Icahn talking at Delivering Alpha in New York on Sept. 13, 2016.
David A. Grogan | CNBC
Firm: Southwest Gasoline Holdings (SWX)
Enterprise: Southwest Gasoline Holdings purchases, distributes, and transports pure gasoline in Arizona, Nevada and California. The corporate operates in two segments, Pure Gasoline Operations and Utility Infrastructure Companies. As of Dec. 31, 2020, it had 2,123,000 residential, business, industrial, and different pure gasoline prospects. The corporate additionally offers trenching and set up, substitute, and upkeep companies for power distribution programs, and industrial development options.
Inventory Market Worth: $4.0B ($69.18 per share)
Activist: Carl Icahn
Share Possession: 4.91%
Common Price: $70.89
Activist Commentary: Carl Icahn is the grandfather of shareholder activism and a real pioneer of the technique. He’s very keen about shareholder rights and good company governance, and he’ll go to excessive lengths to battle incompetent boards and overcompensated managers. On this state of affairs, he’s as soon as once more doing one thing that has by no means been accomplished earlier than in activism – a hostile takeover of a utility firm. In activism it’s a very highly effective weapon to have the ability to provide to amass the corporate if they don’t take your strategies to create shareholder worth, and Carl Icahn is likely one of the solely activists with that software.
On Oct. 14, 2021, Icahn introduced his intention to launch a proxy contest to switch Southwest Gasoline Holdings’ (SWX) whole board and to start a young provide for all widespread shares at $75 per share in money.
Behind the Scenes:
Icahn’s preliminary overtures have been made in response to the announcement of the corporate’s proposed acquisition of Questar Pipeline Firm. Icahn got here out in opposition to this deal for a number of causes, together with as a result of he believes the corporate is massively overpaying and this transaction would lead to a dramatic fairness dilution for shareholders. Icahn particulars that the corporate must challenge inventory at 1x fee base to purchase belongings at 2x fee base, and that there are admittedly minimal synergies right here, if any.
Proper off the bat, Icahn wish to see the corporate drop this deal and concentrate on a number of worth creating alternatives. Icahn believes that the corporate’s service division is price $36 per share and the regulated utility enterprise because it stands right now is price $53 per share, however the firm’s inventory trades at $67.55. So, he wish to see the true worth of those belongings mirrored within the inventory worth. He doesn’t outwardly urge administration to monetize the service enterprise to realize its true worth, however it’s one thing that administration has thought-about and primarily based on Icahn’s historical past and investing philosophy, he wouldn’t be in opposition to it on the proper worth.
The second alternative is for the corporate to enhance its margins within the regulated utility enterprise, which Icahn believes can add $15 per share. When a utility firm reminiscent of SWX takes on a brand new undertaking, the regulators analyze the corporate’s proposed prices for the undertaking and permit them an ROE primarily based on these prices. SWX’s allowed ROE is 9.35% however their precise ROE is barely 7.1% versus a median of 9.2% for its friends. It is because SWX administration reportedly pads the proposed prices to its utility initiatives with egregious private bills reminiscent of golf memberships, massages, manicures and indulgent dinners, in response to the Las Vegas Assessment-Journal. On a couple of event, the regulators didn’t settle for these as reputable undertaking bills, thus lowering the corporate’s ROE to 7.1%. Fixing this margin challenge may be accomplished with good old school activism that Icahn is aware of higher than anybody – reconstituting the board and changing the administration crew with people the brand new board will maintain accountable. It’s no coincidence that since 2015, when John Hester grew to become CEO, the corporate’s G&A has gone up by 42%.
The third alternative to create worth is to extend the speed base by including sure of the corporate’s initiatives to it that regulators haven’t allowed. This may be accomplished by bringing in a administration crew that will restore relationships with the regulators, which Icahn believes may add one other $8 per share to the worth of the corporate.
To perform his agenda, Icahn introduced his intention to launch a proxy battle to switch all the board and to start a young provide for all widespread shares at $75 per share in money. That is old-fashioned, artistic activism that no person does higher than Icahn. His technique creates fairly the quandary for administration. As a part of their acquisition financing of Questar, they’re proposing elevating $1 billion by promoting widespread inventory at roughly $65 per share, the present market worth. It may not be in line with their fiduciary obligation to promote inventory at $65 per share after they know there’s somebody who can pay $75 per share for it. Nonetheless, they won’t promote it to Icahn as a result of it will give him an excessive amount of affect and make it a lot simpler for him to win his proxy battle. Their implementation of a poison capsule (or as Icahn calls it – “the board and administration job safety plan”) in response to Icahn’s letters clearly tells you that. Moreover, the board will ultimately need to advocate for or in opposition to Icahn’s tender provide and it’s onerous for them to say $75 shouldn’t be a good worth when the corporate is a vendor at $65.
So how will this play out? Icahn will proceed together with his tender provide and proxy battle however will probably be unable to consummate the tender provide as it’s conditioned on the corporate waiving the poison capsule, which they’ll by no means do. This leaves Icahn together with his proxy battle. He could have an excellent thought of his possibilities of success relying on what number of shareholders tender shares to him. In protection of Icahn, the board is counting on two issues (i) Icahn’s slate is not going to get the required approval of the state regulators in California, Arizona and Nevada, and (ii) by the point the regulators act, Icahn could have walked away. Within the first case, there’s a very slim probability Icahn’s slate doesn’t get authorised. First, these are the identical regulators which have been coping with the corporate’s expense padding this complete time and would possible welcome a brand new board that will probably be extra sympathetic to the charges its prospects are paying. Second, Icahn has owned a number of casinos previously and has had no drawback navigating the extra scrutinizing gaming regulatory course of. And third, Icahn will do no matter it takes to win, and we anticipate to see a really skilled and spectacular slate of administrators that can embrace two or three Icahn representatives at most together with skilled executives with the related skillsets to information administration. Within the second case, Icahn has proven in his historical past that he’s essentially the most tenacious and dedicated activist on the market. After an unsuccessful proxy battle at Forest Labs, he fought two extra proxy fights within the following two years earlier than he received the extent of board illustration he wished and ended up making a 188.8% return on that funding versus a 55.2% return for the S&P500 over the identical interval. There isn’t any probability that he walks away right here. So, to place it one other approach, the corporate has two possibilities of avoiding a proxy battle right here – slim and none. Nonetheless, it’s potential that the proxy battle doesn’t occur by the subsequent annual assembly as a result of the regulatory approvals haven’t been acquired but. In that case, Icahn will ask stockholders on the annual assembly to approve a proposal to name a particular assembly of stockholders following the approval by regulators to vote on the election of the Icahn slate of administrators.
There’s one different potential end result right here. When an activist will get concerned with an organization, it usually places the corporate in pseudo-play. When that activist makes a young provide for the corporate, the corporate is completely in play. So, there’s a probability that another person is available in and makes a better provide to purchase all the firm. It is rather possible that the corporate has been approached a number of instances previously, perhaps by a greater managed utility, however they’ve by no means let anybody within the door, which isn’t uncommon for entrenched boards – seven of the 9 “impartial” administrators have served on the board for a median of 13 years (happening 14), and the chairman has served as a director for nearly 20 years. The potential of a third-party sale will increase as Icahn will get extra shares tendered and the board sees the writing on the wall. In the event that they assume they will be out of a job by hook or by crook, they could as nicely exit promoting to the very best bidder.
Ken Squire is the founder and president of 13D Monitor, an institutional analysis service on shareholder activism, and the founder and portfolio supervisor of the 13D Activist Fund, a mutual fund that invests in a portfolio of activist 13D investments.