Infographic: Vaccinating youngsters in opposition to COVID | Latest News Table

Infographic: Vaccinating youngsters in opposition to COVID

Greater than 100 nations world wide have prolonged their COVID-19 vaccination drives to youngsters.

In line with a report from UNICEF, which analysed 115 million confirmed COVID-19 instances from 105 nations, folks below 20 account for 16 p.c of reported instances.

Whereas many youngsters who do catch COVID have few to no signs, these with underlying well being circumstances could also be at elevated threat of extreme sickness.

Three vaccines which have been authorized by the World Well being Group (WHO) are being administered to youngsters in varied nations: the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, the Sinopharm shot and the Sinovac vaccine.

Whereas some nations are giving youngsters and adolescents the total two-dose course of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, others are giving a single dose.

In line with the London College of Hygiene & Tropical Medication, there are 20 vaccine candidates in scientific testing for these below 18.

Asia

China has begun inoculating youngsters aged three and above with its personal CoronaVac vaccine, produced by Sinovac Biotech.

Taiwan has quickly suspended giving second doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine to youngsters and adolescents between 12 and 17 years over issues from the chance of myocarditis (irritation of the guts muscle) and pericarditis (irritation of the outer lining of the guts), in accordance with media stories.

In August, India’s drug regulator authorized Zydus Cadila’s needle-free ZyCoV-D vaccine for these aged 12 and above. It’s the world’s first DNA-platform vaccine for COVID-19, however its rollout has not begun. Bharat Biotech, the makers of the domestically manufactured Covaxin vaccine, sought permission for emergency use in youngsters aged 12 and over, however regulators have but to announce a call. Vaccination for some teams of kids may start in January, information stories say.

Pakistan is at present administering the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine to youngsters over age 15, and the Chinese language Sinovac and Sinopharm vaccines to youngsters over 12.

Africa

South Africa started the immunisation of kids aged 12 to 17 in October. The federal government is aiming to inoculate about six million adolescents on this age group with a single dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.

Morocco, one of many first African nations to supply pictures to youngsters and adolescents, started vaccinating these between ages 12 and 17 in September. It’s utilizing the Pfizer-BioNTech and Sinopharm vaccines with the goal of immunising at the least three million youngsters.

Europe

The European Union’s well being regulator, the European Medicines Company (EMA), in Might authorized the usage of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine to be used in youngsters over the age of 12.

In Germany, as of November 23, some 45 p.c of the 12 to 17 age group had been absolutely vaccinated with the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.

In Norway, which isn’t a part of the EU, the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine has been authorized for these aged 12 to fifteen. However well being authorities have paused the rollout of second doses, partly attributable to a uncommon aspect impact linked to coronary heart irritation.

In the UK, which isn’t a part of the EU, 12 to fifteen 12 months olds are being supplied a single Pfizer-BioNTech jab.

The EU regulator is evaluating an utility to increase the usage of the vaccine to youngsters aged 5 to 11. It’s anticipated to make an announcement subsequent month.

An overview of the all the vaccine being administered in childrenAlia Chughtai/Al Jazeera (Al Jazeera)

Latin America

In September, Cuba started rolling out vaccines for youngsters as younger as two years previous, with the domestically produced Soberana-02 and Soberana Plus vaccines.

In Venezuela, authorities introduced in early November that vaccinations had been below approach for youngsters as younger as two years previous, utilizing the Cuban Soberana-02 shot.

Brazil’s well being regulator Anvisa has authorized the usage of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine in youngsters from age 12 to 17 and the federal government has inspired native authorities to prioritise these youngsters and adolescents with comorbidities.

Center East

The United Arab Emirates started its vaccination drive in August in youngsters aged three to 11 with the Sinopharm vaccine. In November, Emirati authorities authorized the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for youngsters between 5 and 11.

In October, Bahrain authorised the usage of the Sinopharm shot for youngsters ages three to 11. This month, it authorized the usage of the Pfizer-BioNTech for youngsters aged 5 to 11.

United States

In Might, US well being authorities authorized the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine to be used in youngsters from the ages of 5 to 17.

For the reason that starting of the pandemic, youngsters represented 16.9 p.c of all confirmed instances, in accordance with the American Academy of Pediatrics. Within the week ending November 18, youngsters made up 25.1 p.c of reported instances. Youngsters make up 22.2 p.c of the US inhabitants.

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